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A young person’s school attendance and work schedule

A young person is required to go to school under the Loi sur l’instruction publique if they:

  • are under 16 years of age and do not have their Secondary 5 diploma
  • turn 16 during the school year. In this case, they must go to school until the last day of the school year

Special provisions concerning a young person’s work schedule

Important

As of September 1, 2023, the work schedule of a young person who is required to go to school under the Loi sur l’instruction publique must not exceed 17 hours a week or more than 10 hours from Monday to Friday.

These conditions do not apply during periods when there is no school for more than 7 days, such as during the holiday season, spring break or the summer holidays.

The employer must ensure that the young person’s work schedule:

  • allows them to be in class during school hours
  • allows them to be at home at night, that is, between 11 p.m. on one day and 6 a.m. the following morning

The obligation to allow the young person to be at home at night does not apply if they:

Example of the work schedule of a young person who is required to attend school

Nicolas

Nicolas works in a restaurant. He will turn 16 on July 18, 2023.

Nicolas has to attend school until at least June 2024, since he will turn 16 during the school year, which extends from July 1 to June 30 according to the Loi sur l'instruction publique. He is therefore prohibited from working nights between 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. until June 30, 2024.

Starting in September 2023, he will be able to work up to 17 hours a week, including a maximum of 10 hours from Monday to Friday.

At the end of the school year, he will be able to work nights or more than 17 hours a week, since he will no longer be obliged to attend school.

Quick reference for a young worker’s work schedule
Age Conditions
Under 14 years of age

Under 16 years of age and does not have a Secondary 5 diploma
or
Turned 16 during the school year but is required to go to school

  • Their schedule must allow them to go to school during school hours
  • Their schedule must allow them to be at home between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. (except for certain jobs)
  • As of September 2023: maximum of 17 hours per week, including a maximum of 10 hours from Monday to Friday
Under 18 years of age and is not required to go to school
  • No work schedule restrictions

Laws and regulations

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