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Non–work-related accident or illness

The employment relationship is protected for workers who are absent from work owing to a non–work-related accident or illness. An employer may not impose sanctions because the person was absent. 


In the event of a work–related accident or occupational disease, other provisions apply.

Days of absence with pay

If the worker is credited with 3 months or more of uninterrupted service with their employer, the first 2 days of absence are with pay if they are absent for any of the following reasons:

They are entitled to a total of 2 days of absence with pay per calendar year (January 1 to December 31). These days of absence may not be deferred from one year to the next or replaced with an indemnity.

The division of these days of absence with pay is not provided for in the Act. If the worker is absent for only part of the day due to illness or for another health-related reason, they must take leave without pay. However, they are still entitled to their full days of absence with pay.

However, if authorized by the employer, these days may be divided. In this case, the pay must be calculated based on the number of hours of absence. 

How to calculate the pay for days of absence with pay

Whether the worker is full time or part time or paid by commission, days of absence with pay are calculated in the same way as the statutory holiday indemnity.

Do not hesitate to use monCalcul to estimate the amount.

Examples of how to calculate the amount

Fannie has a regular schedule

Fannie is absent from work for 3 days owing to sickness. She works 40 hours a week, 8 hours a day and earns $20 an hour.

Fannie is entitled to 2 days of absence with pay per year for health reasons. If she has not already used these 2 days of absence, her employer must pay 2 of the days she was absent.

Calculation of the wages earned during the 4 weeks of pay preceding the absence: 

160 h (40+40+40+40) x $20 = $3,200

Calculation of the amount to be paid for one day of absence 

$3,200 ÷ 20 = $160 

The employer will have to pay Fannie $320 ($160 + $160) for these 2 days of absence.

Mouhamed has a regular schedule and is paid by commission

Mouhamed was absent from work owing to sickness for 4 days. He works 35 hours a week and earns $18 an hour. He also receives commissions on his sales.

He received $1,500 in commission during the 12 complete weeks of pay preceding the week of his absence.

Calculation of the wages earned during the 12 weeks of pay preceding the absence:

420 h (35 hours per week x 12 weeks) x $18 = $7,560

$7,560 + $1,500 (commissions earned) = $9,060

Calculation of the amount to be paid for one day of absence

$9,060 ÷ 60 = $151

The employer will have to pay Mouhamed $302 ($151 + $151) for his 2 days of absence.

Length of absence that is protected

A worker may be absent for an extended period owing to an accident or an illness. They may be absent for 26 weeks without pay over a 12-month period if they are ill or had an accident that is not related to their work and means that they are unable to work.

If warranted by the circumstances, the employer may ask them to provide an official document attesting to the reasons for the absence and the length of the absence.

See also

Laws and regulations

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